What is Autism?
Autism Spectrum Disorder or ASD or autism for short, is a neurodevelopmental, which means the development of the nervous system disability that affects social communication skills.
Symptoms can be mild or more severe and are present from a young age. Though sometimes symptoms do not become a problem until children are older.
Frequently, parents or teachers may become concerned about a child, if they are not showing good eye contact or have delays in speech skills. In older children, there may be a suspicion for autism, if the child has difficulty making friends or has ritualistic or repetitive behaviors.
自閉症譜系障礙或簡稱 ASD 或自閉症，是一種與生俱來的神經發展障礙, 以致在社交, 溝通, 認知, 情緒和行為方面都有不同程度的困難和發展差異。
Different between Autism Spectrum Disorder and Asperger syndrome?
Asperger syndrome and Autism were very similar in diagnosis, and the major difference was whether a child has a speech delay when they were young. If they has a speech delay and the other symptoms of ASD , they they were given the diagnosis of Autism. If the child did not , then they were given the diagnosis of Asperger syndrome. There were a few other diagnostic criteria , but this is the major difference.
亞氏保加症 (阿斯伯格綜合症)和自閉症在診斷上非常相似，主要區別在於孩子年輕時是否有語言延遲。 如果他們有語言延遲和 ASD 的其他症狀，他們就會被診斷為自閉症。如果孩子沒有，那麼他們就會被診斷為亞氏保加症 (阿斯伯格綜合症)，還有一些其他診斷標準，但這是主要區別。
Autism Spectrum Disorder requires deficits or abnormal function in two main categories : social communication and restricted repetitive patterns of behaviour interests or actives.
What are the Odds ?
Signs and Symptoms of ASD
Social communication / interaction behaviors may include :
Making little or inconsistent eye contact
Tending not to look at or listen to people
Rarely sharing enjoyment of objects or activities by pointing or showing things to others
Failing to, or being slow to, respond to someone calling their name or to other
Restrictive / repetitive behaviors may include :
Repeating certain behaviors or having unusual behaviors. For example, repeating words or phrases, a behavior called echolalia
Having a lasting intense interest in certain topics, such as numbers, details, or facts
Having overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects
Getting upset by slight changes in a routine
Being more or less sensitive than other people to sensory input, such as light, noise, clothing, or temperature